The pathway to publication is littered with checkpoints, reviews, and rejections. Before your paper is accepted it is read and reviewed with a few possible fates. It can be desk rejected by the editor and never reviewed or it can reach the reviewers who then decide the fate of the manuscript.
Siler et al. investigated the effectiveness of the review process. They observed that top ranking journals overall have a very effective desk screening process where the best manuscripts are selected for review. However, there was one main fault; these top tier journals desk rejected the top cited manuscripts. This is likely due to the fact that their goal is to publish papers that are widely applicable and of interest to many people. This limits the ability of truly novel and exciting works to be published in these formats.
Overall, however, it was determined that the review process is helpful. Manuscripts that went to review overall had more citations than those desk rejected and resubmitted elsewhere. The results of this study were reassuring, and it was nice to see that at least a few scientists are looking into the effectiveness of the review process.
Link to article: http://www.pnas.org/content/112/2/360.abstract
About the author: Moriah Knight is a third year in the Johns Hopkins Department of Materials Science and Engineering working in Peter Searson’s lab.